外贸及跟单常用英语词汇大全

    1. 商品品质数量包装价格

    品质条件

    品质 quality

    规格specifications

    等级grade

    标准standard

    样品 sample

    色彩样品color sample

    款式样品pattern sample

    原样 original sample

    复样 duplicate sample

    对等样品 counter sample

    参考样品 reference sample

    封样 sealed sample

    代表性样品 representative sample

    商品目录 catalogue

    宣传小册 pamphlet

    说明书description

    公差 tolerance

    货号 article No.

    花色(搭配) assortment

    增减 5% plus or minus

    大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality


    数量条件

    个数number

    长度length

    面积area

    体积volume

    容积capacity

    净重 net weight

    毛重 gross weight

    皮重 tare

    毛作净 gross for net

    溢短装条款 more or less clause

    重量weight

    装运重量shipping weight

    卸货重量landed weight

    理论重量 theoretical weight

    公吨metric ton

    长吨long ton

    短吨short ton

    公斤kilogram, kilo, kg

    pound, lb

    盎司ounce, oz

    piece

    pair

    dozen

    ream

    set

    立方米 cubic meter

    liter

    加仑gallon

    蒲式耳bushel

    公制metric system

    英制British system

    美制U.S. System


    包装方法

    起泡包装blister packing

    中性包装neutral packing

    吸塑包装skin packing

    挂式包装hanging packing

    引某人注目catch sb's eye

    唛头mark

    无牌的包装unlabelled packing

    散装in bulk

    散装in loose packing

    裸装nude packing

    整批包装bulk pack

    零售包装consumer pack

    大包装large packing

    小包装inner packing, external packing, end packing

    ,压缩包装shrunk packaging

    喷泡沫包装foam-spray packaging

    礼品包装gift-wrap

    bag, sack

    麻袋jute bag

    塑料袋polythelene bag, plastic bag

    尼龙绳网袋polythelene net

    拉链袋zippered bag

    case, chest

    box

    木箱wooden case

    纸箱carton

    集装箱container

    板条箱rate

    纤维板箱fibre board case

    小包packet

    bale

    bundle

    罐头tin , can

    篮,篓,筐basket

    竹篓bamboo basket

    bottle

    小木桶wooden keg

    大桶hogshead

    铁桶iron drum

    铁桶cylinder

    琵琶桶barrel

    圆桶drum

    防水纸waterproof paper

    玻璃纸cellophane

    牛皮纸kraftpaper

    沥青纸tar paper

    蜡纸wax paper

    帆布canvas

    油布、防水帆布tarpaulin

    纤维板fibreboard

    尼龙腰子nylon strap

    塑料腰子plastic strap

    胶带adhesive tape

    填料stuffing material

    尼龙丝nylon plastic

    泡沫塑料fermented plastic

    纸屑paper scrap

    木屑saw dust

    润滑油slushing compound


    价格条件

    价格术语trade term (price term)

    价目表price list

    总值 total value

    金额 amount

    净价 net price

    零售价 retail price

    批发价 wholesale price

    单价 unit price

    运费freight

    码头费wharfage

    卸货费landing charges

    码头费wharfage

    港口税port dues

    关税customs duty

    印花税stamp duty

    折扣discount, allowance

    佣金commission

    回佣,回扣return commission

    含佣价price including commission .

    装运港port of shipment

    卸货港port of discharge

    目的港port of destination

    进口许口证import licence

    出口许口证export licence

    现货价格spot price期货价格forward price

    现行价格(时价)current price prevailing price

    国际市场价格 world (International)Market price

    参考价格indicative price

    进口附加税import surcharge import variable

    进口差价税duties

    海关估价customs valuation

    外汇 foreign exchange

    法定贬值 devaluation

    外币 foreign currency

    法定升值 revaluation

    汇率 rate of exchange

    浮动汇率floating rate

    国际收支 balance of payments

    硬通货 hard currency

    软通货 soft currency

    直接标价 direct quotation

    间接标价 indirect quotation

    金平价 gold standard

    买入汇率 buying rate

    卖出汇率 selling rate

    固定汇率 fixed rate

    通货膨胀 inflation

    金本位制度 gold standard

    黄金输送点 gold points

    铸币平价 mint par

    纸币制度 paper money system

    国际货币基金 international monetary fund

    黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve

    汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuatio


    2. 国际贸易术语

    FCA(Free Carrier) 货交承运人

    FAS(Free Alongside Ship) 装运港船边交货

    FOB(Free on Board) 装运港船上交货

    CFR(Cost and Freight) 成本加运费

    CIF(Cost, Insurance and Freight) 成本、保险费加运费

    CPT(Carriage Paid To) 运费付至目的地

    CIP(Carriage and Insurance Paid To) 运费、保险费付至目的地

    DAF(Delivered At Frontier) 边境交货

    DES(Delivered Ex Ship) 目的港船上交货

    DEQ(Delivered Ex Quay) 目的港码头交货

    DDU(Delivered Duty Unpaid) 未完税交货

    DDP(Delivered Duty Paid) 完税后交货

    进出口贸易

    出口信贷 export credit

    出口津贴 export subsidy

    商品倾销 dumping

    外汇倾销 exchange dumping

    优惠关税 special preferences

    保税仓库 bonded warehouse

    贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade

    贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade

    进口配额制 import quotas

    自由贸易区 free trade zone

    对外贸易值 value of foreign trade

    国际贸易值 value of international trade

    普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP

    最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT


    3. 国际货物运输

    交货条件

    交货delivery

    轮船steamship(缩写S.S)

    装运、装船shipment

    租船charter (the chartered ship)

    交货时间 time of delivery

    定程租船voyage charter

    装运期限time of shipment

    定期租船time charter

    托运人(一般指出口商)shipper, consignor

    收货人consignee

    班轮regular shipping liner

    驳船lighter

    舱位shipping space

    油轮tanker

    报关clearance of goods

    陆运收据cargo receipt

    提货to take delivery of goods

    空运提单airway bill

    正本提单original BL

    选择港(任意港)optional port

    选港费optional charges

    选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’ account

    一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment

    一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipmenton or before Jan.31st.

    /二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment

    ......(时间)分两批装船shipment during....in two lots

    ......(时间)平均分两批装船shipment during....in two equal lots

    分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments

    分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments

    立即装运 immediate shipments

    即期装运 prompt shipments

    收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days afterreceipt of L/C

    不允许/允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed /partial shipmentnot permitted /partial shipment not unacceptable


    4. 国际货物运输保险

    贸易保险术语

    All Risks 一切险

    F.P.A. (Free from ParticularAverage) 平安险

    W.A. / W.P.A (With Average orWith Particular Average) 水渍险

    War Risk 战争险 F.W.R.D.(Fresh Water Rain Damage) 淡水雨淋险

    Risk of Intermixture andContamination 混杂、玷污险

    Risk of Leakage 渗漏险

    Risk of Odor 串味险

    Risk of Rust 锈蚀险

    Shortage Risk 短缺险

    T.P.N.D. ( Theft, Pilferage& Non-delivery) 偷窃提货不着险

    Strikes Risk 罢工险


    5. 国际国务买卖合同

    交易磋商、合同签订

    订单 indent

    订货;订购 book; booking

    电复 cable reply

    实盘 firm offer

    递盘 bid; bidding

    递实盘 bid firm

    还盘 counter offer

    发盘(发价) offer

    发实盘 offer firm

    询盘(询价) inquiry; enquiry

    指示性价格price indication

    速复 reply immediately

    参考价 reference price

    习惯做法 usual practice

    交易磋商 business negotiation

    不受约束 without engagement

    业务洽谈 business discussion

    **复 subject to reply ** 限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **

    有效期限 time of validity

    有效至**: valid till ** 购货合同 purchasecontract

    销售合同 sales contract

    购货确认书 purchase confirmation

    销售确认书 sales confirmation

    一般交易条件 general terms and conditions

    以未售出为准 subject to prior sale

    需经卖方确认 subject to seller’s confirmation

    需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation



    6. 贸易方式

    stocks 存货,库存量

    cash sale现货

    purchase 购买,进货

    bulk sale 整批销售,趸售

    distribution channels 销售渠道

    wholesale 批发

    retail trade 零售业

    hire-purchase 分期付款购买

    fluctuate in line with marketconditions 随行就市

    unfair competition不合理竞争

    dumping 商品倾销

    dumping profit margin 倾销差价,倾销幅度

    antidumping 反倾销

    customs bond 海关担保

    chain debts 三角债

    freight forwarder 货运代理

    trade consultation 贸易磋商

    mediation of dispute 商业纠纷调解

    partial shipment 分批装运

    restraint of trade 贸易管制

    RTA (Regional TradeArrangements) 区域贸易安排

    favorable balance of trade 贸易顺差

    unfavorable balance of trade 贸易逆差

    bonded warehouse 保税仓库

    transit trade 转口贸易

    tariff barrier 关税壁垒

    tax rebate 出口退税

    TBT (Technical Barriers toTrade) 技术性贸易壁垒

    INT (拍卖auction)

    寄售consignment

    招标invitation of tender

    投标submission of tender

    agent一般代理人

    generalagent总代理人

    agencyagreement 代理协议

    accumulativecommission累计佣金

    compensationtrade补偿贸易(或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade

    (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade

    processingon giving materials来料加工

    assemblingon provided parts 来料装配

    exclusiveright独家经营/专营权

    exclusivityagreement 独家经营/包销/代理协议

    soleagency; sole agent; exclusive agency; exclusive agent独家代理


    7.商检仲裁

    索赔 claim

    争议disputes

    罚金条款 penalty

    仲裁arbitration

    不可抗力 force Majeure

    仲裁庭arbitral tribunal

    产地证明书certificate of origin

    品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quality

    重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)

    **商品检验局 **commodityinspection bureau (*.C.I.B)

    品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate


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